Sunday, April 25, 2010

Leipziger Tor

The Leipziger Tor (aka Potsdamer Tor) was a city gate located in Berlin, Germany, between Potsdamer and Leipziger Platz. The first gate was built in 1734 as part of the old defensive wall (Festung Berlin). 90 years later, the "Alte Tor" was rebuilt, following the plans of Karl Friedrich Schinkel, in a neoclassical architectural style.

When the defensive wall was demolished, the Potsdamer Tor was allowed to remain. After the bombing of Berlin by Allied forces, the southern structure was almost destroyed, the northern one remaining intact. However, that part was demolished by GDR autorities, the only visible remains being the foundations. Two entrances to Potsdamer Platz U-Bahn station are located exactly in the position of the old gate.

Sunday, April 18, 2010

Anhalter Bahnhof

Finally, I did it. This is the finished Anhalter Bahnhof in Berlin, Germany. By the time it was built, the Anhalter Bahnhof was the biggest railway station in continental Europe.

The air raids of November 1943 and February 1945 devastated the station. The building was demolished in 1960-61, although the central portion of the façade and the eastern part of the Güterbahnhof (goods station) were left standing.

Wednesday, April 14, 2010

And more Bahnhöfe

Today two new models were accepted in Google Earth 3D Layer.

First, the Berlin Hauptbahnhof.

The Berlin Central Station (Hauptbahnhof, or simply Hbf) is the main railway station in Germany and the largest crossing station in Europe. It was built between 2001 and 2006 on the site of the Lehrter Bahnhof/Stadtbahnhof. The Hbf has served as the Central Station of Berlin since 26 May, 2006. Before that, a part of the in-work building was used as S-Bahnhof ("Hauptbahnhof - Lehrter Bahnhof").

Well, this model is not so new - I made (and uploaded it) on April 3th evening. The difficult part of it was the S-Bahn route, since it's made of about 20 arches, as you can see. In this model, I made only one arch, and then copied and resized it according to the width of that part.

New Mosse-Palais

The Mosse-Palais ("Mossepalais, "Mosse Palais" or "Palais Mosse") was a building located in Voßstraße, first property of Rudolf Mosse. The façade at Voßstraße was made of Sliesian sandstone, and the front at Leipziger Platz was provided with a relief of scluptor Max Klein (called "The Survey of German Genius", Die Erhebung des deutschen Genius). The old Mosse-Palais was destroyed (along other historical buildings) in November 1943 by a massive air raid.

I'm already working on the old Mosse-Palais (actually, I first started it), but since there are no more than three useful pictures, it will be difficult to get it textured soon.

Sunday, April 11, 2010

Bahnhöfe / Railway Stations

In the last two weeks I was working on three Berlin railway stations (all gone). Two of the models are finished (I will finish Anhalter Bahnhof this week).

Lerther Bahnhof

The Lehrter Bahnhof was built in 1871, in a French neo-Renaissance style, unlike other train stations (which were made with brick façades). It served as the terminus of the Berlin-Hannover railway via Lehrte. The train shed was 188 meters long and 38 meters wide. The Bahnhof took over the functions of the nearly Hamburger Bahnhof in 1888.

Damaged in the Second World War (1943 bombing of Berlin), the Bahnhof was partially repaired. However, after West Berlin became a West German enclave, the Lehrter Bahnhof was demolished between 1957 and 1959.

Lehrter Stadtbahnhof

The Lehrter Stadtbahnhof opened in 1882. It was located at the northern end of Lehrter Bahnhof, ant was part of the Stadtbahn system, and became an S-Bahnhof in 1930. The building survived WW2 almost intact, and became a listed building in 1987, however, it was demolished in 2002.

It was difficult to get textures for this model, since there are few of them, most of low-quality.